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International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS
Home >> Regions >> Asia Pacific >> Publications >> Hansudewechakul Antiretroviral 2010

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Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Recent studies suggest higher cumulative HIV viremia exposure measured as viremia copy-years (VCY) is associated with increased all-cause mortality. The objectives of this study are (1) report the association between VCY and all-cause mortality and (2) assess associations between common patient characteristics and VCY.

METHODS: Analyses were...

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:
The aim of the study was to assess the significance of low-level viraemia (LLV) and the timing of treatment change in low/middle-income country (L/MIC) compared with high-income country (HIC) settings.

METHODS: Patients with virological control following commencement of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) were included in the study...

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
The aims of this study were to investigate the cancer incidence and risk in HIV/AIDS patients relative to the general population in Taiwan.

METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, 15,269 HIV/AIDS patients were identified between 1998 and 2009. Gender-specific incidence densities (IDs) of both AIDS-defining...

Abstract
Introduction: Although antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been rapidly scaled up in Asia, most HIV-positive patients in the region still present with late-stage HIV disease. We aimed to determine trends of pre-ART CD4 levels over time in Asian HIV-positive patients and to determine factors associated with late ART initiation.Methods: Data from two regional cohort observational...

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
More perinatally HIV-infected children in Asia are reaching adolescence.

METHODS: We analyzed data from July 1991 to March 2011 reported by 18 clinics in 6 countries of children age >12 years.

RESULTS: Of 1254 adolescents, 33 (2.6%) died, and 52 (4.1%) were lost to follow-up within 2.4-year (3566 person-years)...

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
We evaluated the effect of the time interval between the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and the initiation of tuberculosis (TB) treatment on clinical outcomes in HIV/TB-coinfected patients in an Asian regional cohort.

METHODS: Adult HIV/TB-coinfected patients in an observational HIV-infected cohort database who had a known date of...

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Rates of suicide and accidental or violent death remain high in HIV-positive populations despite significantly improved prognosis since the introduction of cART.

METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study of suicide and accidental or violent death in the Australian HIV Observational Database (AHOD) between January 1999 and March...

Abstract
INTRODUCTION:
Magnitude and frequency of HIV viral load blips in resource-limited settings, has not previously been assessed. This study was undertaken in a cohort from a high income country (Australia) known as AHOD (Australian HIV Observational Database) and another cohort from a mixture of Asian countries of varying national income per capita, TAHOD (TREAT Asia HIV Observational...

OBJECTIVES: Whilst several antiretroviral drugs have been associated with moderate chronic kidney disease (CKD), their contribution to advanced CKD and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) remain unknown.

DESIGN: D:A:D participants with at least three estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) after February 2004 were followed until the first of advanced CKD (confirmed...

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